Bhagat Singh was known to be one of the most influential revolutionary socialist. It was two of his acts of violence against the British government and his consequent execution that made him a household name.
Bhagat Singh was born in the year 1907 to Kishan Singh and Vidyavati in Punjab’s Banga village. His family members were actively involved in the independence movements and he it wasn’t too late when he also became a part of the freedom struggle. Here are essays of varying lengths on Bhagat Singh to help you with the topic in your class tests and exam.
Essay on Bhagat Singh
Bhagat Singh Essay 1 (200 words)
Bhagat Singh, better known as, Shaheed Bhagat Singh was a freedom fighter who left no stone unturned to bring about reforms in the fight against the British. He is said to be one of the most influential revolutionaries of the Indian freedom struggle.
He was born in a Sikh family in Punjab on the 28th of September 1907. Many of his family members including his father and uncles were actively involved in the struggle for Indian independence. His family as well as certain events that occurred during that time were an inspiration for him to dive into the freedom struggle at an early age. As a teenager, he studied about the European revolutionary movements and was drawn towards the Anarchist and Marxist ideologies. He soon joined the revolutionary activities and played an active part in them inspiring many others to join the same.
The turning point in his life was the killing of freedom fighter, Lala Lajpat Rai. Bhagat Singh could not tolerate the injustice and planned to revenge Rai’s death. He planned the murder of British Official John Saunders and to bomb the Central Legislative Assembly.
He surrendered himself after carrying out these incidents and was eventually hanged by the British government. He became an inspiration for the Indian youth owing to these heroic acts.
Bhagat Singh Essay 2 (300 words)
Bhagat Singh is undoubtedly one of the most influential revolutionaries in the history of Indian Independence. He did not only take an active part in the freedom struggle but also inspired many other youths to join the same not only while he was alive but even after his death.
Bhagat Singh’s Family
Bhagat Singh was born in a Sikh Jat family in KhatkarKalan, Punjab on the 28th of September, 1907. His father Kishan Singh, grandfather Arjan Singh and uncle, Ajit Singh were actively involved in the struggle for Indian independence. His family members inspired him immensely and the feeling of patriotism was instilled in him from the very beginning. It seemed like the quality ran in his blood.
Bhagat Singh’s Early Life
Bhagat Singh met political leaders such as Lala Lajpat Rai and Ras Bihari Bose in 1916 when he was just 9 years old. Singh was greatly inspired by them. Bhagat Singh was immensely disturbed because of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre that occurred in 1919. On the day following the massacre, he went to the Jalianwala Bagh and collected some soil from the place to keep it as a souvenir. This incident strengthened his will to push the British out of the country.
His Resolve to Avenge Lala Lajpat Rai’s Murder
After the Jalianwala Bagh massacre, it was Lala Lajpat Rai’s death that moved Bhagat Singh deeply. He could not bear the cruelty of the British any longer and decided to avenge Rai’s death. His first step in this direction was to kill the British official, Saunders. Next, he threw bombs in the Central Assembly Hall during the assembly session. He was subsequently arrested for his acts and was eventually hanged on 23rd March 1931 along with Rajguru and Sukhdev.
Bhagat Singh was all of 23 when he gladly martyred for the country and became an inspiration for the youth. His heroic acts inspire the youth even today.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 3 (400 words)
Bhagat Singh is known to be one of the most influential freedom fighters. He was a part of several revolutionary activities and inspired numerous people around, especially the youth, to join the struggle for freedom.
Revolution in the Freedom Struggle
Bhagat Singh was among the youth who did not conform to the Gandhian style of fighting against the British. He believed in the Extremist ways of the Lal-Bal-Pal. Singh studied the European revolutionary movement and was drawn towards anarchism and communism. He joined hands with those who believed in bringing about revolution by acting aggressively rather than using the method of non-violence. With his ways of working, he came to be known as an atheist, communist and socialist.
The Need for Reconstruction of Indian Society
Bhagat Singh realised that merely driving out the British would not do good to the nation. He understood and advocated the fact that overthrowing of the British rule must be followed by the reconstruction of the Indian political system. He was of the opinion that the power must be given to the workers. Along with B.K. Dutt, Singh articulated his opinion about the revolution in a statement in June 1929 that stated, ‘By Revolution we mean that the present order of things, which is based on manifest injustice must change. Producers or labourers, in spite of being the most necessary element of society, are robbed by their exploiters of their labour and deprived of their elementary rights. The peasant, who grows corn for all, starves with his family; the weaver who supplies the world market with textile fabrics, has not enough to cover his own and his children’s bodies; masons, smiths and carpenters who raise magnificent palaces, live like pariahs in the slums. The capitalists and exploiters, the parasites of society, squander millions on their whims.
Organizations He Joined
During his struggle for India’s independence, the first organization Bhagat Singh joined was the Hindustan Republican Association. This was in the year 1924. He then began working with Sohan Singh Josh and the Workers and Peasants Party and soon after felt the need of building an organization aimed at working as a revolutionary party in Punjab and worked in this direction. He inspired people to join the struggle and free the country from the clutches of the British rule.
Bhagat Singh was a true revolutionary who did all he could to overthrow the British rule and bring about reforms in the country. Though he died young, his ideologies remained alive and continued to drive people.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 4 (500 words)
Bhagat Singh was born in Khatkar Kalan (the place which is now a part of Pakistan), Punjab in the year 1907. His family was completely involved in India’s struggle for freedom. In fact, around the time of Bhagat Singh’s birth his father was in imprisonment due to his involvement in political agitation. Inspired by the family atmosphere, Bhagat Singh dived into the freedom struggle at the tender age of thirteen.
Bhagat Singh’s Education
As mentioned above, Bhagat Singh’s family was deeply involved in the freedom struggle. His father supported Mahatma Gandhi and when the later called for boycotting government aided institutions, Singh was asked to leave school. He was 13 when he left school and joined the National College at Lahore. There he studied about the European revolutionary movements that inspired him immensely.
Shift in Bhagat Singh’s Ideology
While Bhagat Singh’s family supported the Gandhian ideology completely and he too had been working in accordance with it for a while, he soon became disillusioned with the same. He felt that non-violent movements wouldn’t get them anywhere and the only way to fight the British is by armed conflict. Two major incidences during his teenage contributed to the shift in his ideology. These were the Jallianwala Bagh Masacre that took place in 1919 and the killing of the unarmed Akali protesters at Nankana Sahib in the year 1921.
After the Chauri Chaura incident, Mahatma Gandhi announced the withdrawal of the Non-Cooperation movement. Bhagat Singh did not conform to his decision and cut off from the non-violent movements led by Gandhi. He then joined the Young Revolutionary Movement and began advocating violence as a means to drive the British out. He took part in numerous such revolutionary acts and inspired several youths to join the same.
Interesting Facts about Bhagat Singh
Here are some interesting and lesser known facts about Shaheed Bhagat Singh:
- Bhagat Singh was an avid reader and felt that to inspire the youth it was essential to write revolutionary articles and books rather than merely distributing pamphlets and leaflets. He wrote several revolutionary articles for Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine, the “Kirti” and certain newspapers.
- His publications include Why I Am An Atheist: An Autobiographical Discourse, Ideas of a Nation and The Jail Notebook And Other Writings. His works hold relevance even today.
- He left his home when his parents forced him to get married stating if he married in slave India his bride shall only be died.
- Though born in a Sikh family, he shaved his head and beard so that he could not be recognized and arrested for killing the British official, John Saunders.
- He did not offer any defence at the time of his trial.
- He was sentenced to be hanged on 24th March 1931 however he was executed on the 23rd It is said that no magistrate wanted to supervise his hanging.
Bhagat Singh was just 23 years old when he happily gave his life for the country. His death proved to be an inspiration for several Indians to join the struggle for freedom. His supporters gave him the title, Shaheed (the martyr). He was indeed a martyr in the true sense.
Bhagat Singh Essay – 5 (600 words)
Popularly referred to as Shaheed Bhagat Singh, this outstanding revolutionary was born as Bhaganwala on the 28th of September, 1907 in a Sandhu Jat family in Punjab’s Jullunder Doab district. He joined the struggle for freedom at an early age and died a martyr at a young age of 23.
Bhagat Singh – A Born Revolutionary
Bhagat Singh, known for his heroic and revolutionary acts, was born in a family that was actively involved in the struggle for Indian Independence. His father, Sardar Kishan Singh and uncle, Sardar Ajit Singh were popular leaders of the time. They were known to support the Gandhian ideology and missed no opportunity to inspire people to come out in masses to oppose the British.
They were particularly inspired by the extremist leader, Bal Gangadhar Tilak. Talking about the same in the article, Emergence of Punjab in the freedom movement, Bhagat Singh shared, “Having seen their enthusiasm at the 1906 Congress Convention in Calcutta, Lokmaniya was pleased and in bidding them adieu, gave them the responsibility of strengthening the movement in the Punjab.” On their return to Lahore, both the brothers initiated a monthly newspaper by the name, Bharat Mata with the aim to propagate their ideas to overthrow the British rule.
The loyalty towards the country and the drive to free it from the clutches of the British was thus inborn in Bhagat Singh. It ran in his blood and veins.
Bhagat Singh’s Active Involvement in the Freedom Struggle
Bhagat Singh read a lot about the European nationalist movements and got inspired by the same in 1925. He founded the Naujavan Bharat Sabha the following year and later joined the Hindustan Republican Association where he came in contact with a number of prominent revolutionaries including Sukhdev and Chandrashekhar Azad. He also began contributing articles to Kirti Kisan Party’s magazine, the “Kirti”. While his parents wanted him to marry around the same time, he rejected their offer outright telling them that he wanted to dedicate his life to the freedom struggle.
Due to his active involvement in numerous revolutionary activities, he soon became a person of interest for the British police and was arrested in May 1927. A few months later he was released and got involved in writing revolutionary articles for newspapers.
The Turning Point
In the year 1928, the British government held the Simon Commission for the discussion of autonomy for the Indians. It was boycotted by several Indian political organizations as the event did not include any Indian representative. Lala Lajpat Rai protested against the same by leading a procession and marching towards the Lahore station. In an attempt to control the mob, the police used the weapon of lathi charge and brutally hit the protestors. Lala Lajpat Rai got severely injured and was hospitalised. He succumbed to his injuries a few weeks later. The incident left Bhagat Singh enraged and he planned to avenge Rai’s death. Singh killed British police officer John P. Saunders soon after. He and one of his associates later bombed the Central Legislative Assembly in Delhi. He then confessed his involvement in the incident and surrendered to the police.
During the trial period, Bhagat Singh led hunger strike in the prison. He and his co-conspirators, Rajguru and Sukhdev were executed on the 23rd of March 1931.
Bhagat Singh was a true patriot. He did not only fight for the freedom of the country but had no qualms giving away his life in the event. His death brought about mixed emotions throughout the country. While those who believed in the Gandhian ideology felt that he was too aggressive and radical and hurt the freedom quest on the other hands his followers considered him a martyr. He is still remembered as Shaheed Bhagat Singh.
Essay No. 01
Shaheed – e – Azam
Bhagat Singh is one of the greatest martyrs that India has produced. He is the icon and model of young people in particular.
He was born on Nov. 11, 1907 at Banga village in the district of Lyallpur in Pak. His father, kishan singh and uncle Ajit singh, both were revolutionary and were released from jail on the day he was born.
He was a very brilliant student at school. The famous revolutionary Kartar Singh Sarabha was his model. Even as a child he was greatly moved by the Jallianwalah Bagh massacre. He expressed his desire to grow guns in the Indian soil to force the British rulers to quit India.
He learnt about the brutal death of Lala Lajpat Rai at the hands of a British police officer in 1928 while leading a peaceful but noisy demonstration against the Simon commission. In order to avenge the murder of Lajpat Rai, he killied Saunders. He alongwith his companions, Rajguru and Sukhdev was hanged on 23rd march. 1931 on the bank of Ravi near Ferozepur. Earlier he had floated Naujawan Bharat Sabha and also thrown a bomb in the Assembly. He wanted a free, secular, happy prosperous India. Indians can never forget his sacrifice for the motherland.
Essay No. 02
Sardar Bhagat Singh
India : Great Martyr
Birth : 1907 Death : Martyrdom : 1931
The martyrdom of Sardar Bhagat Singh gave new momentum to the freedom struggle of India and showed a new path ‘to the younger generations of the country. The entire nation recalls his sacrifice with deep gratitude even today.
Bhagat Singh was born on 28th September, 1907 at Banga Village of Layalpur district (in West Punjab) in a reputed Sikh family of freedom fighters. His father and uncles had participated in the freedom movement, and this created a positive influence on Bhagat Singh. At school, Bhagat Singh was a very good and disciplined student. When he was studying just in 9th class he jumped into the non-Cooperation Movement launched by Gandhiji. In 1923, Bhagat Singh passed his Intermediate examination. When he forced to marry, he ran away from home and came to Kanpur where he got work in the paper Pratap, run by Ganesh Shankar Vidyarthi. In Kanpur Bhagat Singh also came into contact with another well known revolutionary, Chandra Shekhar ‘ Azad’. Bhagat Singh also associated himself with the ‘Saunders Assissination Case’ in which Bhagat Singh together with Sukhdev, Rajguru and Chandra Shekhar Azad shot dead a police officer, Saunders who was responsible for lathi charge on Lala Lajpat Rai when he was leading a protest against Simon Commission when he visited Lahore in 1928. Bhagat Singh was also the hero of the sensational ‘ Assembly Bomb Case’ (1929). After throwing bomb in the Central Assembly on 8th April, 1929 in protest against the ‘Public Safety Sill’, Bhagat Singh surrendered to the police. In the ‘Lahore Conspiracy Case’ he was handed death sentence. On 23 March, 1931 Bhagat Singh together with Rajguru and Sukhdev were hanged.
Bhagat Singh and his associates showed no sign of fear of death and kissed the noose chanting Inquilab Zindabad’. (Long live the revolution)
Bhagat Singh was born in a Sikh family of farmers in the village of Banga of Layalpurdistrict of Punjab (now in Pakistan) on September 27th of 1907. His family stood for patriotism, reform, and freedom of the country. His grandfather Arjun Singh was drawn to Arya Samaj, a reformist movement of Hinduism, and took keen interest in proceedings of the Indian National Congress. Bhagat Singh’s father Kishen Singh and uncle Ajit Singh were members of Gadar Party founded in the U.S. in early years of the 20th century to rout British rule in India. Both were jailed for alleged anti-British activities. Young Bhagat Singh was brought up in a politically charged state of Punjab which was left with a seething memory of the Jalianwala Bagh massacre of more than 400 innocent lives and thousands injured (1919). As a lad of fourteen he went to this spot to collect soil from the park of Jalianwala (bagh) in his lunch box, sanctified by the blood of the innocent and kept it as a memento for life. Bhagat Singh studied at the National College founded by Lala Lajpat Rai, a great revolutionary leader and reformist. To avoid early marriage, he ran away from home and, became a member of the youth organisation Noujawan Bharat Sabha which had memberships of all sects and religions. He met Chandra Shekhar Azaad, B.K. Dutt and other revolutionaries. They used to print handouts and newspapers in secret and spread political awareness in India through Urdu, Punjabi and English. These were all banned activities in India at that time punishable with imprisonment.
In 1928, when Siman commission arrived in India. The prominent leaders like Lala Lajpat Rai; Pandit Madan Mohan Malaviya etc. decided to protest to the commission in open about their displeasure. Bhagat Singh also participated in the protest an eyewitness to the gruesome beating to Lala Lajpat Rai by police superintendent scot. Bhagat decided to take the revenge from Lala Lajpat Rai succumbed to the injuries. y he killed Mr. Sanders, a junior officer, in case of mistaken identity. He had to flee from Lahore to escape death punishment.
Instead of finding the root cause for discontent of Indians, the British government took to more repressive measures. Under the Defense of India Act, it gave more power to the police to arrest persons to stop processions with suspicious movements and actions. The act brought in the council was defeated by one vote. Even then it was to be passed in the form of an ordinance in the “interest of the public.” No doubt the British were keen to arrest all leaders who opposed its arbitrary actions, and Bhagat Singh who was in hiding all this while, volunteered to throw a bomb in the central assembly where the meeting to pass the ordinance was being held. It was a carefully laid out plot, not to cause death or injury but to draw the attention of the government, that the modes of its suppression could no more be tolerated. It was agreed that Bhagat Singh and Batukeshwar Dutt would court arrest after throwing the bomb. Accordingly, on April 8, 1929, Bhagat Signh and Barkeswar Dutt threw handouts, and bombed in the corridor not to cause injury and courted arrest after shouting slogans. Inqlab zindabad (Lona Live, Revolutions) Meanwhile the killers of Sanders were identified by the treachery of Bhagat Singh’s friends who became “Approves.” Bhagat Singh thought the court would be a proper venue to get publicity for the cause of freedom, and did not want to disown the crime. He gave a fiery statement giving reasons for killing which was symbolic of freedom struggle. He wanted to be shot like a soldier, and not die at the gallows. But, his plea was rejected, and he was hanged on the 23rd of March 1931. He was only 23 then. Bhagat Singh became a legendary hero for the masses.
Innumerable songs were composed about him, and the youth, throughout the country made him their idol. He became a symbol of bravery and of the struggle to free India.