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As the recession continues, the oppressed public seeks blame within the capitalist system and attack the vulnerable, especially the illegal immigrant population. The rise in unemployment has provoked citizens to politically compete with illegal aliens in order to insure jobs for documented Americans. However, the injustice that unauthorized immigrant face deserves a temporary solution to this controversial issue. Accusations of tax evasion to the cause of economic downfall labeled illegal aliens as a bad contributor to American society. However, the truth is that many undocumented immigrants work for low wages that keep the cost of goods low, and voluntarily pay taxes, but do not receive any benefits. Furthermore, they refuse to use public services that are provided in fear of deportation and authority figures. With righteousness in mind, law makers introduced a legislation that will grant residency to illegal immigrants who involuntarily migrated to the Unites States as dependent minors who aspire to further their education or join the military, called the DREAM Act. Thus, giving residency to qualified DREAM Act candidates would create more revenues for the government, assist military recruitment goals, and contribute to a solution for the current immigration problem.

Immigration is defined as an act of moving to a new country to live in another country. And a person who entered a country of illegal means or in violation of immigration laws is called illegal alien. The United States were built of the blood and sweat of immigrants who ventured pass the great seas and mountains make up America’s melting pot. Many who migrated to America before the 1900’s was driven out of their motherland because of poverty, scarce of land, and famine (Egendorf 3). In the 1960’s emigrants seek economic opportunities, or escape political and religious persecution such as Holocaust victims and Vietnam War refugees. Today people come to America with promises of freedom, social equality, and to reunite with family in the states (Egendorf 18). Many who entered the United States illegally cross the southern borders at night with either the help of coyotes or in cargos. People hire professional smuggler that charge $1,500 per head. Or they can be ship in cargos from China or Central America. Many had to cross the scorching deserts or freezing mountains with risks of getting lost and die of hunger or thirst or getting killed by gangs or bandits (Batalova 1). Nowadays, immigrants are primarily from Mexico, Central America, and China. Once they entered the United States, immigrants would go to large cities like Los Anglos and Seattle so they cannot be easily be identify. From 2003 to 2009, the illegal population jumped from 2.7 to 4 million. Conservatives believe in traditional law and order kind of solution. Solutions like building fences employ more border guards, arrest and deport more illegal immigrants caught. In the middle, moderates try to find the best of both sides of the issues. They suggest guest worker programs that only allow people to come to the United States to work for a set period of time but is not able to apply for permanent resident or citizenship. Liberals, or Progressive, believe in amnesty for those who are already been living in the United States (“Is the Legalization of Illegal Aliens a Good Solution to Illegal Immigration in America?” 2).

To radical anti-immigration protestors, the answer to the illegal immigration problem in the United States is to deport all unauthorized immigrant back to their native country but it is pure fantasy. Deporting more than 12 million people out of the United State will cause social and economic consequences. Thus, expelling young immigrants from the United States would be turning away talented individuals that the United States had already invested in through the education and socialization (“Fact Sheet: Military and National Security Leaders” 1). Additionally, the current immigration laws restrict opportunities for illegal immigrants to legalize their residency status, thus, leave no legal resolution to normalize their situation. A provisional solution to the United States current situation on illegal immigration is a bipartisan legislation that “give young people who were brought to the United States, as children, the opportunity to legalize their immigration status” and obtain residency (Background Briefing: The DREAM Act” 1). This legislation is called the Development, Relief, and Education for Alien Minors Act, also known as the DREAM Act, was first introduced on August 1, 2001 out of “respects to the history of our nation: offer those the opportunity to earn permanent status and keep families together (“Fact Sheet: Immigrants and the Military” 1).

The goal of the DREAM Act is to grant conditional permanent residency to undocumented young adults to further their education or join the military. Each year, 65,000 undocumented students graduate high school and face barriers in their academic, personal, and professional lives (Batalova 1). Punishing talented young adults would deprive the United States of an incredibly skilled and sorely needed source of future engineers, lawyers, doctors and other professionals. These undocumented students are not all Latinos but they come from many nations. They were brought to the United States by their parents at a very young age and had been raised in the United States like their classmates who are citizen. Many do not even recognize they are in violation of immigration laws (Batalova 4).

To be eligible for the DREAM Act program, immigrants should have enter the United States before the age of 16 and lived in the United States for at least five years prior to the legislation’s enactment. He or she must have a high school diploma or GED plus a clean criminal record. Approximately 2.1 million immigrants may apply but only 800,000 are eligible, however, only 38 percent will actually achieve it and three forth will face challenges. To the individuals who choose this passage and met the qualifications will earn a conditional status for six years in which allow them to work legally, travel in and out of the country, and go to school (Background Briefing: The DREAM Act” 3).

The majority of undocumented students who graduated high school face difficulties furthering their education due to low English proficiency, poverty, or labor force. Furthermore, only five to ten percent of high school graduates go on to college because they have to make a tough choice between education or working in order to provide for their family. Some are high achievers that excelled in school scholastically. Countless illegal aliens did not consider furthering their education as an option because of their unauthorized status demand them to pay out-of-state tuition, which is three times more than in-state. While these students are unable to obtain financial aids such as grants, scholarships, and loans they feel hopeless and helplessness and unable to reach their full potential (Pedro). Without Social Security, state license, or background checks they are unable to pursue their academic careers. Therefore, they are unable to work in their chosen professional field (“The DREAM Act: Creating economic Opportunity 1”).

After the six years with the conditional status, applicants must have to graduate from a two year institution of higher education, obtain at least 2 years toward a bachelor’s degree, or served in the United States military for at least two years in order to apply for lawful permanent residency. Failed to meet the requirements will result in loss of conditional status and revert back to unauthorized status (Background Briefing: The DREAM Act” 4).

The DREAM Act would not encourage people to come to the United States Illegally. An individual can only be qualify for the act benefits are students who already been living in the United States for at least five years prior to the legislation’s enactment (Background Briefing: The DREAM Act” 1). The act is not an amnesty or forgiveness for criminal intent. It only applies students who came to the United States involuntarily as dependent minors. Adjustment to these students’ status would not affect other immigrant’s ability to become legal who played by the rules and waited in line. These undocumented students would happily wait in line for a chance of being legalize if there were a line for them.

The Army Reserve and National Guard failed to meet their recruitment quota with only 51 percent reported Inactive Ready Reserve on duty. The army had to lower standards that increase training costs, spend more money on advertising and recruiters, and offer bigger bonuses for troops to re-enlist. Thus, increase personnel costs about ten percent. The congress made the enlistment process and naturalization rules more flexible in order to encourage immigrants to enlist (“Fact Sheet: Immigrants and the Military” 1). Such as, the Wartime Military Naturalization was issued after 9/11 state that immigrants in the Military were eligible for naturalization due to the special wartime statue. Due to the Wartime statue 53,000 military personnel became citizen (“Fact Sheet: Military and National Security Leaders” 3). Furthermore, the military promise to provide benefits for immigrants and their families and assist with rapid naturalization of non-citizens.

The foreign-born population is important to our fighting forces because many who weren’t born in the United States served the military. According to the 2009 military enlistment documentation that 114,601 military recruits is of foreign born and 12 percent are not citizen. Additionally, 81 percent were naturalized (“Fact Sheet: Immigrants and the Military” 2). Military leaders who supported the DREAM Act agree that, “deporting this young person . . . deprives the United States of a valuable human asset that can be put to work in the global war on terrorism (“Fact Sheet: Military and National Security Leaders” 1).” An example of a valuable human asset was Lance Cpl. Jose Hutierrez who came from Guatemala and was killed in a Tank Battle in Iraq on March of 2003. He came to the United States illegally but died a citizen when he was granted Citizenship Posthumously which made his family citizen too. In addition, over more than 100 soldiers were granted posthumously and many presidents would visit non-citizen armed forces and make them citizen on the spot (“Fact Sheet: Military and National Security Leaders” 3).

Without the addition of the immigration population the military cannot reach its recruitment goals. The military will also be depriving of foreign language translators, interpreters, and cultural experts which are vital assets overseas. Influential military personnel protest that “broken immigration laws are getting in the way of these students and young leaders pursuing the American dream and realizing their full potential (“Fact Sheet: Military and National Security Leaders” 3).”

The illegal immigration population fills in the demand for subsidiary job that increases productivity and lowers costs of goods and services. Specialists approximate that the United States will need 5 percent more workers by 2015 to sustain the current ratio of workers to the total population (“The DREAM Act: Creating economic Opportunity” 1). It would cost more financially to recruit foreign professional and time spent for acculturation and learning the English language. The process of achieving a visa for work permit takes one to three years. They work as domestic servants, day laborers, and sweatshop factory workers. In between 2000 and 2007 illegal immigrant was “accounted for more than one sixth of the increase in our total civilian labor force” that contribute innovations and tax dollars (“Are Illegal Aliens Paying Their “Fair Share” of Taxes?” 1). Illegal immigrants serve a flexible component of the United States’ workforce that has values only when in demand but is first to be discharged.

“Ten States Receiving the Most Tax Revenue From Households Headed by Unauthorized Immigrants, 2010.”

Showcase the tax revenue from illegal immigrants in the ten most undocumented immigrant populated states.

The undeniable fact that “the total goods and services that they consume through their paycheck and all that they produce for their employers is about $800 billion” add to the economic wealth (“Are Illegal Aliens Paying Their “Fair Share” of Taxes?” 5). Every empirical study proves that undocumented immigrants contribute more to public coffers in taxes than they cost in social services. Immigrants expand the United States’ economy by “productive capacity, stimulate investment, and promote specialization that in the long run boosts productivity (“The DREAM Act: Creating economic Opportunity” 2).” Even though one third of the immigrant population have low-income and earn less money compared to regular citizen they have great impact on the economy. Without the immigrant there is a loss of potential workers and entrepreneurs, thus, a loss in vital tax dollars revenue. Illegal immigrants pay tax by using Individual Taxpayer Numbers (ITINs) and or false Social Security that is unrequited. Many undocumented workers who pay tax generally pay more and higher effective taxes. They pay billions of dollars in sales, excise, property, and income taxes. For example, in Figure 1 show that the top ten states that the majority of the illegal immigrant population resides in. In 2010 alone, illegal immigrants paid an estimated $11.2 billion in taxes, excluding the other forty states (“Ten States Receiving the Most Tax Revenue from Households Headed by Unauthorized Immigrants, 2010”). Many immigrants also file annual federal and state tax returns because three forth of the immigrant population pays payroll taxes. Taxes such as social security, Medicare, and unemployment are unrequited, because they pay them but do not receive the benefits. The United States receive $14 to $20 billion from illegal immigrants who uses false Social Security (“Is Illegal Immigration an economic Burden to America?” 1). According to the US Department of Commerce, a high school graduate earns $1.2 million compares to the $2.1 million for a Bachelor graduate in a forty years duration. While a person with a master’s degree earn about $2.5 million. Therefore, a person with a bachelor’s degree will earn on average $60 thousand of taxable income. $11,564 will be contributing to taxes and welfare annually. In a 40 years span that person will contribute $462,560 to the government’s tax revenue (“Are Illegal Aliens Paying Their “Fair Share” of Taxes?” 2).

Companies in the United States lack of professionals in the engineering, computer programming, and other professions workers so they have to recruit professionals around the world. Utilizing skilled professionals that are already in the United States will increase global competitiveness instead of competing for worker of other nations. For instant, President Bush requested for training 70,000 math and science teachers to advance the United States competitiveness (Batalova 5). The DREAM Act will help the United States to be more globally competitive in result of increase in math and science graduates.

In result of the DREAM Act, candidates of the bill will be able to advance in their education or enlist in the military and qualify for residency in the United States. These legislation applicants will ultimately be a big resource for the growth of economic productivity, increasing rates of military enlistment, and contributors to immigration solution. Numerous unauthorized immigrants voluntarily pay taxes and contribute to the economy as a producer and consumer without receiving any benefits due to terror of authorities figure and deportation. Fallen victim to the struggling economy, the immigrant population became the resentment of American’s distress over the unemployment issue in the United States but they will prevail and be the future of America.

ESSAY REVIEW

Okay, so here's the bad news, some of which you probably already know. Practically every sentence has errors in grammar, usage, syntax, or orthography. One of the few sentences without error that I noticed is taken from an unacknowledged source. Such illegitimately borrowed sentences stick out like orange golf balls on the putting green. Since 99% of the essay seems to be your own work and the product of effortful engagement with the subject, I am happy to write this review, but even one borrowed sentence can ruin the credibility of your essay as a whole and expose you to the charge of plagiarism. Be warned!

Aside form sentence-level errors, your essay also suffers from poor organization. You switch topics in paragraphs capriciously. You have almost no logical transitions between paragraphs. Your approach to the articulation of your overall argument is not entirely methodical. My expectations, as a reader, with respect to the elaboration of arguments and the presentation of evidence are rarely met, so reading your essay is generally a frustrating experience.

The good news is that several of the problems in the essay are relatively easy to identify and address. Fixing sentence-level problems generally in your writing won't happen over night, of course; in fact, it will require a sustained commitment on your part to study grammar, to read good English prose, and practise writing every day for, I would guess, at least a year. I can only leave it up to you to decide whether you want to accept that challenge. Some problems, however, can be addressed almost immediately.

Let's look at a simple problem first: paragraph construction. Take, for example, your fourth paragraph, beginning with this sentence: "To radical anti-immigration protestors, the answer to the illegal immigration problem in the United States is to deport all unauthorized immigrant[s] back to their native country but it is pure fantasy." The next two sentences of your paragraph are your attempt to explain what is wrong with this radical answer. Your fourth sentence, in the middle of the paragraph, introduces a completely new topic: "Additionally, the current immigration laws restrict opportunities for illegal immigrants to legalize their residency status, thus, leav[ing] no legal resolution to normalize their situation."

Individual paragraphs typically ought to deal with distinct topics, so the easy solution to the problem here is to end the paragraph at the third sentence and use a new paragraph to discuss the inadequacies of current laws. That's a simple solution to this kind of problem, and the problem is one that you could probably readily identify. In other words, you can remove this kind of problem from your writing today, forever, which would be great.

An alternative solution would be to relate what you say about current laws to what you say about the inadequacies of the radical "answer" to the problem of immigration, and change your topic sentence accordingly. For example, your topic sentence could claim that the radical answer is both unrealistic (in the ways you go on to say) and unfair (in not taking account of the restrictive nature of current laws). That solution is a little more complicated, but it's not paralysingly difficult.

Next, let's look at the larger problem of organizing the essay as a whole. Your essay deals with a multitude of issues and questions. It defines immigration; clarifies the nature of the problem in the US; outlines conservative approaches to the problem; discusses the inadequacy of such approaches; discusses the inadequacy of existing legislation; explains what the DREAM act is and who is eligible; discusses the problem of military recruitment and how immigrants can help; discusses the economic impact of immigration with respect to immigrants’ contribution to US tax revenue and other modes of their contributing to society; discusses the benefits of granting permanent status to certain immigrants. That’s a lot to pack into an essay, and for that reason you need to do a bit of work to help your reader find his way through your argument.

The challenge, then, is not just to organize your essay, but also to make its organization obvious. When essays lack organization altogether, they appear to be the product of an author who goes about the business of writing an essay by asking himself as soon as he has finished a paragraph, "Well, what shall I write about next?" and then proceeds to write about whatever comes into his head. Often that is not a huge problem, because not much comes into the head of the average writer, but since quite a lot happens to come into your head, you especially need to think about organization. It seems to me that you have put some thought into how to present your argument, but in the absence of guideposts, your essay is liable to appear ever more disorganized than it is.

So, what should you do? In a well organized essay, the question of what to write about next is often decided not by chance but by the necessity of elaborating a complete argument. So perhaps it would help, first, to revise your thesis so that it accurately reflects everything that you actually want to argue in your essay. That will force you to think about the shape of your argument as a whole and allow you to consciously decide the best way to present that argument. A fully developed thesis will also serve as the first guidepost for your reader (Note that the thesis says nothing about what the DREAM act is or what the immigration problem in the US is. Such matters are preliminary to the argument about the act itself. In many essays, preliminary matters are dealt with in an introduction. In this case, I think it is fine to postpone giving the details of the DREAM act until you are ready to defend, but it might be a good idea to clarify the problem of US immigration in your introduction. That will allow you to focus more clearly in the rest of your essay on the actual argument.)

Writing logical transitions (i.e., transitions centered on the unfolding of the argument) also forces you to think about the organization of your argument, and also gives you another opportunity to provide a guidepost for your reader. Let's say you reach that part of your argument that deals with the benefits of the DREAM act approach to immigration. Let's say that just before you got to this point in your essay, you went about the business of dismissing the Conservative approach for being unrealistic and unfair. You can then introduce your next topic by saying something like : "The approach taken in the DREAM act, by contrast, is both fair and beneficial to society." Transitions like that look back at what you have said (accomplished here by the phrase “by contrast,” which implies a contrast with what has going before) and forward to what you are about to say. That looking backwards and forwards at the same time is what makes a transition a transition.

A final example: Let's say you’ve talked about the benefits of the legislation to society, devoting one paragraph to economic benefits and one paragraph to the benefits to the military. At this point you can write another transitional statement; perhaps something like this: "We can see, then, that the DREAM act would be beneficial, but would it be just?" or "Aside from its benefits to society, the DREAM act also represents a step towards fairness." The advantage of even relatively crude transitions like these is not only that they improve the flow of your essay, they also helpfully require you to think about the organization of your essay, and they remind your reader of the unfolding logic of your argument. That’s a lot of bang for a single transition. As a matter of mathematical fact, every logical transition improves both the overall quality and the persuasive power of an essay by (100/n) percent, where n is the number of pages in the essay. The proof of that fact is trivial, so I will refrain from presenting it here.

Because I’m writing a review, not an essay, I don’t need transitions. In fact, I don’t even need a conclusion.

Best, EJ

Submitted by: andyho1993

Tagged...Dream Act essay, essay transitions, essay organization, essay writing help



The pros and cons of illegal migration

Illegal immigration is a sensitive matter that needs considerable attention and discussion to many countries especially those that are economically stable. Immigration is an action of moving to another country where one was not a prior citizen by birth then using that country as a place of permanent dwelling. There are some reasons which justify and condemn illegal immigration which I will endeavor to discuss below.

The pros of illegal migration

Firstly, there are overall benefits to the citizens of the country such that the employers will be able to hire workforce at a lower wage rate hence easily manipulating the illegal immigrants which they could not be able to do in the case of the citizens of the home country. People can easily outsource for manual help in doing tasks which they may be unwilling to carry out themselves from the illegal immigrants at a cheaper cost than when seeking help from a professional who is registered as a legal citizen of the country.

Secondly, illegal immigrants have the mindset to work their way up so that they may be able to improve their individual lives as well as their families’ back in their home country. As such, it is excusable to allow them as long as they do not commit other crimes in the process since anyone undergoing financial difficulties would consider relocating to another country with more opportunities for living a comfortable life and improving the lives of close family members as well.

Furthermore, in conducting the search of illegal immigrants and deportation to their home countries may discriminate against other legal residents of the country. As such, law enforcers might question civilians based on prejudice only because they have a foreign accent hence concluding that they are illegal immigrants. The notion is bias since being a legal immigrant in a country does not necessarily imply that one should not have a different cultural background as expressed in the manner of speech, dress on demeanor.

The cons for illegal migration

On the flip side, illegal immigrants tend to take most of available job opportunities in the job market leaving some citizens unemployed. As such, their willingness to work at lower wage rates is the main reason for unemployment of the citizens of the same country. The employers are held responsible by the government to pay the minimum wage to the citizens of the country, but when the opportunity appears to lower it when they employ illegal immigrants; they take it as a way of reducing their operation cost and maximizing their profits as well.

Additionally, illegal immigrants also tend to commit other crimes as they are not aware of the other prevailing laws of the country which they seek residence. Since they enter the country illegally, they may be motivated to conduct crime related activities such as drug and narcotic trafficking across the border. These offenses are met with an equal force of the law which might also escalate to acts of terror meant to intimidate law enforcement and the citizens of the country.

Lastly, as illegal immigrants continue to cross the borders, the result is a population influx making the established systems unable to handle comfortably the emergencies as well as a quick depletion of the available resources due to the unexpected competition. In the meantime, there grows resentment and overall frustration of the citizens of the country who feel aggrieved since they pay taxes yet cannot access the much needed public services.

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