A River in Flood
Essay No. 01
Floods are very common in India. They usually occur during the rainy seasons, due to heavy rains in the hills the rivers are in space. A river in flood is a source of trouble for all. It plays with the life and property of the people. Crops are destroyed, animals are washed away and killed, and people lose their lives.
Due to the continuous and heavy rains, the river Sutlej was in fierce overflowed its banks and flooded low lying areas. The water crossed the danger mark. The water was raging in fury. The current was very strong.
A warning was given to the people to vacate the villages. But there was no time to remove the goods. The people were in trouble. They at once made for the places of safety. Still many were caught in the flood.
The flood water surrounded the villages. Our village was worst hit. Mud houses began to crumble. Even the bricked ones suffered heavy damage. Many heads of cattle were washed away. There was knee deep water everywhere. The villagers assembled at a safe place. A common meal was prepared. Our village looked like an island. It was cut off from the rest of the country.
The government came tour rescue. Relief squad parties came to our village. They carried us on boats to safe places. They even gave us medicines and food.
When the water receded, the people returned to their villages. There was destruction all around. Animals were lying dead. Crops were ruined. Malaria soon broke out which took a heavy tool of lives. The government rendered all help to make our lives safe. There was a great loss of life and property.
Essay No. 02
A River in Flood
It is a pity that even more than half a century after independence, India has not so far been able to establish any set policy for controlling floods. Millions of rupees set apart for flood control are actually pocketed by the corrupt officials.
Last week, it rained very heavily in this part of the country. All the rivers, canals, lakes and even streets were flooded.
I learnt that the Yamuna which runs only a few kilometers away from my house, was flooded and had submerged vast areas. I went to see the Yamuna in flood.
I went there on my bicycle. I was moving on the main road. I saw a large number of people, mostly villagers, coming from the opposite direction with their household goods and cattle. I learnt that their houses and fields had been flooded.
As I moved forward, I saw with my own eyes crops on either side of the road under knee deep water. I continued moving forwards on the main road which was constructed at a sufficiently high level.
As I came close to the bridge over the river, I was halted from going forward by a policeman. I was told that the water in the river had crossed the danger mark and the bridge had been endangered and so traffic over it had been closed.
I looked on both sides. The whole area for miles on both sides had turned into a vast sea of water. Water was swirling and its level was rising rapidly. Numerous household goods were floating over it. I even found several head of cattle being carried away by the gushing water.
As the water level had risen to an alarming height, and it seemed to be preparing to flow over the road also, I rushed back to my house to avoid any dangerous situation which might arise.
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This short essay on Flood contains information on what is Flood, how it is caused, its effect, relief and preventive Measures.
What it Flood and how it is caused?
Rain-water falls on big mountains as well as upon plains. As the river bed is lower in level, all the rain-water flows to low lands and rivers. When the rainfall is heavy, rivers, streams and other channels cannot contain all the rain-water in their beds. Then the water overflows their banks. This called a flood.
Sometimes, a flood is caused by the melting of snows on the mountains which increases the volume of water in the rivers. Breaches in the embankment of a river also cause floods.
Effects of Flood
At times flood comes all on a sudden. People sleep at night in their houses peacefully. They wake in the morning to see their houses surrounded with water. This cause untold suffering and immense miseries to the people. Their belongings are washed away. Houses collapse and people are rendered homeless. Many men, women, children and cattle are swept away by the current of the river. Floods destroy crops standing in the fields and cause famine. They also cause epidemics. Many people lose their resources and tools and thus lose their occupation. It is a very pitiable sight to see cattle and men being washed away by the current of the river during the floods. Often entire families are washed away and they drift on the thatches and frail barges, aimlessly. The flood also damages railway lines and makes the running of trains impossible.
Flood Relief Measures
In time of flood the Government of India adopts various measures to alleviate the sufferings of the people. It arranges for both long-term and short-term relief. The short-term relief means immediate relief. This includes distribution of food, cloth, medicines etc. The long-term relief means free distribution of seedlings, remission of rent, grant of loan for reconstructing houses and for reclaiming land, etc. Even private relief societies are organizes by the people. They also render much help to the flood-stricken people.
It is possible to check the frequent visits of floods. We can do so by digging canals, by raising the level of river-banks and by putting strong dams across the rivers. All this requires great engineering skill and heavy expense. The Government often carries out these projects when funds permit.
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