Some Common Transitions Writing Essay

Transitional Words and Phrases


Transitional words and phrases can create powerful links between ideas in your paper and can help your reader understand the logic of your paper.

However, these words all have different meanings, nuances, and connotations.

Before using a particular transitional word in your paper, be sure you understand its meaning and usage completely and be sure that it's the right match for the logic in your paper.


  • furthermore
  • moreover
  • too
  • also
  • in the second place
  • again
  • in addition
  • even more
  • next
  • further
  • last, lastly
  • finally
  • besides
  • and, or, nor
  • first
  • second, secondly, etc.


  • while
  • immediately
  • never
  • after
  • later, earlier
  • always
  • when
  • soon
  • whenever
  • meanwhile
  • sometimes
  • in the meantime
  • during
  • afterwards
  • now, until now
  • next
  • following
  • once
  • then
  • at length
  • simultaneously
  • so far
  • this time
  • subsequently


  • here
  • there
  • nearby
  • beyond
  • wherever
  • opposite to
  • adjacent to
  • neighboring on
  • above, below

Exemplification or Illustration

  • to illustrate
  • to demonstrate
  • specifically
  • for instance
  • as an illustration
  • e.g., (for example)
  • for example


  • in the same way
  • by the same token
  • similarly
  • in like manner
  • likewise
  • in similar fashion


  • yet
  • and yet
  • nevertheless
  • nonetheless
  • after all
  • but
  • however
  • though
  • otherwise
  • on the contrary
  • in contrast
  • notwithstanding
  • on the other hand
  • at the same time


  • that is to say
  • in other words
  • to explain
  • i.e., (that is)
  • to clarify
  • to rephrase it
  • to put it another way


  • because
  • since
  • on account of
  • for that reason


  • therefore
  • consequently
  • accordingly
  • thus
  • hence
  • as a result


  • in order that
  • so that
  • to that end, to this end
  • for this purpose


  • almost
  • nearly
  • probably
  • never
  • always
  • frequently
  • perhaps
  • maybe
  • although


  • indeed
  • to repeat
  • by all means
  • of course
  • doubtedly
  • certainly
  • without doubt
  • yes, no
  • undoubtedly
  • in fact
  • surely
  • in fact


  • to be sure
  • granted
  • of course, it is true


  • to summarize
  • in sum
  • in brief
  • to sum up
  • in short
  • in summary


  • in conclusion
  • to conclude
  • finally

Demonstratives acting as transitions

Pronouns serving as links to clearly refer to a specific word or phrase

  • his
  • its
  • theirs
  • it
  • their
  • your
  • her
  • they
  • our

Here are some common transitional words and phrases that will help you lead your reader through your composition.

Logical Transitions

  • To introduce another item in a series or show addition:
    first, second, third. . . , furthermore, moreover, in addition, finally, similarly, besides, for one thing. . . , for another, lastly
  • To introduce an example:
    in particular, for instance, for example, to illustrate, specifically, namely
  • To introduce a result or cause:
    consequently, as a result, hence, thus, because, accordingly, therefore, since
  • To introduce a conclusion or summary:
    in conclusion, all in all, clearly, altogether, finally, evidently, actually, to sum up
  • To introduce a concession to a counter argument:
    certainly, it is true, granted, naturally, to be sure, of course
  • To introduce a restatement:
    in other words, in simpler terms, that it
  • To introduce an opposing point:
    however, nevertheless, on the contrary, on the other hand, but, yet, in contrast, still
  • To resume the original line of reasoning after a concession:
    nonetheless, even though, nevertheless, all the same, still

Temporal Transitions

  • Frequency:
    every week or two, once a month for the next year, every day at noon
  • Duration:
    over the next few months, during the hours that followed, throughout the night
  • Specific Time:
    10:00 o’clock this morning, after lunch, when she was twenty-one
  • Beginning, End
    in the beginning, when it all started, at first
    at last, finally, when all was said and done

Spatial Transitions

  • Closeness/Distance:
    nearby, miles away, in the next county, next door
  • Direction:
    north of the city, west of the Rockies, under the ocean’s surface

These tips came from the course Elements of Effective Writing II: Form and Composition

Using proper grammar, punctuation and mechanics make your writing correct. In order to truly write well, you must also master the arts of form and composition. From sentence structure to polishing your prose, this workshop will enhance your writing – no matter what type of writing you do.

You will learn:

  • How to fix common sentence problems (sentence fragments, run-on sentences, dangling and misplaced modifiers)
  • How using sentence variety can your writing interesting.
  • How to build paragraphs, sentence by sentence, to write engaging prose.
  • How to polish your prose to write an original composition.

Learn More About Elements of Effective Writing II: Form and Composition Today!

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