Free German topics for learners
Our German topics are made up of 10 items (Beginner) or 20 items (Intermediate) of German (both the written text and a recording of a German person speaking the word / words) with a picture that illustrates that vocabulary. The Beginner topics are suitable for absolute beginner German learners, or pupils aged between 5 and 11. The intermediate topics are suitable for more advanced adult learners, or for secondary pupils aged between 11 and 16
Each item in a topic consists of the text (both the written German text and an audio recording of a German person speaking the word / words) with a picture that illustrates that item. The illustrations are very simply and nicely drawn so there will be no confusion as to what is being shown. The texts are available to see and hear on all product pages in this brown info sign below the main interface.
The language for each topic is carefully selected to match the language of the UK German as a second language curriculum. This means that if you are at school you should see the same language you are learning there for any particular subject. The topics, both beginner and intermediate, match with the topics available in our free online teaching German product Teach German.
Once a topic is selected at the beginning of a session at German games it will be remembered when you move between games and other activities. So you only need to choose a topic once and can then do multiple lessons, play multiple games and take multiple tests without having to select your subject topic again.
There are currently 56 Beginner topics and 58 Intermediate topics to choose from. These range from single German words (for instance "Body - parts of the body" or "Food - fruit"), short phrases (eg. "Time - what time is it?") to whole sentences ("People - appearance", "Home - helping at home"). An example topic is given below:
Parts of the body
See the help box below for instructions on choosing a topic here at German games.
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How to choose your German topic
at German games
Click on the "1. Start" button in the top navigation bar - that brings you to this topic selection page. On the topic selection page you will see that the topic selection is divided up in different ways:
- Beginner or Intermediate (the arrow at the bottom of the red sign)
- By whether they contain words or sentences (second column)
- Into simple categories (right hand of page)
Choose either Beginner or Intermediate level topics in the red sign. Now the categories for that level will load. Click on any sign to view the topics that fit the category description. For example, if you choose the Beginner category 'Animals' you will see a choice of two topics: "Animals - pets" and "Animals - farm". When you click on the name of the topic, the pictures, writing and spoken German for that topic will load (once the topic has loaded it will be available for all activities and will not have to be loaded again).
With the topic loaded you can choose whether to proceed to the lesson for that topic, or to jump straight to the games (tablet users are taken straight to the lesson when they choose a topic).
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Remember when you were in middle school and you had to learn to write a five-paragraph essay?
Remember learning about thesis statements, opening paragraphs, conclusions and proving your point?
You remember? Good. Because now it’s time to learn how to do it all in German.
But don’t close this tab in panic! Although essays in many foreign languages are structured differently than in English, German essays are actually quite similar to their English equivalents. (Phew!)
And it’s very important to learn how to write and structure an argument in German if you’re planning to study there someday, or even if you’re simply interested in taking a class at the Goethe Institute or another German-language school at some point.
So read on to discover everything you need to know about writing essays auf Deutsch.
What Are German Essays Like?
- They are structured similarly to English essays. Remember above when I mentioned the five-paragraph English essay with a beginning, middle and end? Good news: German essays contain those same parts. When you’re writing a German essay, you’ll want to include an opening paragraph with your argument, three supporting paragraphs that further your argument, and a conclusion. German and English are often surprisingly similar, and essay structure is no exception.
- German essays are more to the point. Although German essays and English essays are structured similarly, German essays—just like German speakers—tend to be more blunt and to the point. You won’t need to dance around your conclusions or obfuscate in German: just say what you mean.
- German punctuation is different. Germans have different rules for punctuation than English speakers. For example, Germans introduce a direct quote with a colon instead of a comma. They use quotes instead of italics for the names of books, movies and newspapers. And they set off relative clauses beginning with dass (that) with a comma, unlike in American English. Understanding these differences between English and German punctuation will ensure you don’t give yourself away as a non-native speaker through punctuation marks alone!
4 Successful Strategies for Writing an Essay in German
Are you ready to start writing? Use these four strategies to wow your teachers and write the perfect German essay.
1. Write down a list of words that you want to incorporate.
When you’re getting ready to write your essay, make sure to make a list of words that you want to incorporate.
You should look at any new activity as an opportunity to learn and master new vocabulary. Instead of using the same words that you use in your everyday German speech, use this essay as an opportunity to introduce new words into your German lexicon.
Besides, incorporating academic words that help you craft and shape your argument can make your essay sound more professional and polished.
Here are some examples of words that might help you craft and shape your argument:
- einerseits (on the one hand)
- Am Anfang(at the beginning)
- schließlich (in conclusion)
Find more good words to use in your essay here.
2. Do your research.
After you’ve chosen your words for the essay, it’s important to spend some time doing research on your essay topic.
As with everything else, you should look at the research portion of the essay-writing process as an opportunity to learn more about Germany—this time, about German culture, history, politics or travel. Chances are if you’re writing your essay for a language-learning class, you’ll be assigned a topic pertaining to one of these aspects of German life, so use this as a chance to learn more about Deutschland.
Deutsche Welle offers information and resources about German history, while news magazine Der Spiegeloffers a look at German culture and politics, and other newspapers such as Berliner Zeitung and Frankfurter Allgemeine Zeitung offer another perspective on politics and daily life in Germany.
3. Make an outline using transition words.
After you’ve completed your research, make an outline of your major points, making sure to incorporate transition words.
There’s nothing clunkier than an essay that doesn’t flow naturally from one point to the next. Besides, thinking about how your arguments and points interact with each other will help you organize your essay and make sure you get your point across. (Do they support each other? Counter each other? How exactly do they function to further your argument?)
Examples of transition words:
- zur gleichen Zeit (at the same time)
4. Don’t write it in English and then translate into German.
When you’re writing your essay, make sure you avoid the oh-so-tempting practice of writing it in your native language and then translating it into German.
This is a bad idea on several levels. Writing an essay in English and then translating it into German often results in stilted, poorly formed sentences and unnatural constructions. For example, remember that German word order is different from English. If you write “He didn’t read the book,” a one-to-one literal translation would be Er hat gelesen nicht das Buch. But the correct translation is actually Er hat nicht das Buch gelesen. In this example, translating word for word leads to errors.
There’s another, less tangible reason why it’s not a good idea to write in English and translate to German. Sure, in the example above, you could just remember that you need to change the word order when translating into German. But isn’t it better to adapt your brain so that German word order seems fluid and natural? Learning to think and write off-the-cuff in German is an essential step towards fluency, and devising sentences in German, instead of sentences in translation, will help you learn to do that.
So, simply start writing the essay in German. Look up any words you’re not sure of and double-check any grammatical constructions that you’re not familiar with. After you finish writing, ask a German-speaking friend to look over the essay to make sure it sounds natural.
An Example of a German Essay
Now that we’ve explored four strategies for writing top-notch German essays, let’s take a look at an example. A popular topic in Europe right now is World War I, since the war was taking place a hundred years ago. World War I doesn’t get very much play in the States, but for Europe, World War I was a devastating example of the dangers of modern technological warfare and the horrors of violence.
Let’s take a look at an example opening paragraph and outline of an essay about the effect of World War I on German government and life.
Der Erste Weltkrieg war ein totaler Krieg, der Deutschland völlig veränderte. Dieser Krieg hat 1914 angefangen, und 1918, als der Krieg zu Ende kam, waren die deutsche Gesellschaft, Regierung und Kultur nicht mehr erkennbar. Am Anfang hat der Erste Weltkrieg altväterliche Ideen und Systeme verstärkt. Am Ende hat dieser Krieg dagegen diese altväterlichen Dinge zerstört.
(The First World War was a total war that completely changed Germany. This war began in 1914 and in 1918, when the war came to an end, German society, government and culture were no longer recognizable. At the beginning, the First World War strengthened old-fashioned ideas and systems. However by the end, this war destroyed these old-fashioned things.)
Notice that this opening paragraph is not very different at all from the first paragraph of an English essay. You can use the same structure you’ve always used to write your German essay, leaving you free to focus on grammar and vocabulary. Notice also the use of phrases such as Am Anfang (at the beginning) and Dagegen (however). Words like these can help you make a point and counterpoint in your opening paragraph (or anywhere in your essay, for that matter).
I. Am Anfang (at the beginning):
– Dieser Krieg hat Deutschland vereint. (This war united Germany)
– Menschen hatten ein patriotisches Gefühle. (People had a patriotic feeling)
– Menschen dachten, dass der Krieg bald zu Ende kommen würde. (People thought that the war would soon come to an end).
Notice that these points employ words like dachten (thought). Written German often relies on Präteritum, a form of the past tense that’s rarely used in spoken Deutsch. It’s often called “literary past tense” for this reason. Check out this guide to the Präteritum to include this tense in your essay.
II. Andrerseits (on the other hand):
– Bald gab es kein mehr Essen. (Soon there was no more food)
– Menschen wurden krank und desillusioniert. (People became sick and disillusioned)
– Es gab Proteste und Unruhen (There was protest and unrest).
Like in an English essay, your second and third paragraphs can include supporting points or counterpoints that contribute to the overall theme of your piece. The word Andrerseits (on the other hand) is an ideal transition word to show that you’re moving into another section of your essay.
Also notice that this essay will rely on vocabulary words that the average language learner might not have come across in his or her learning. After all, who learns the words for “disillusioned” and “unrest” in their intermediate German class? But don’t be daunted by the fact that your essay might include eclectic vocabulary. Instead, use this as an opportunity for more learning.
III. zum Schluss (in conclusion):
– Der Kaiser hat abgedankt. (The Emperor abdicated)
– Eine Republik wurde geboren (A Republic was born)
– Die alten Werte waren weg. (The old values were gone)
Once again, abgedankt (abdicated) is an example of the literary past tense (and an example of a word that you probably haven’t come across in your previous German studies!)
IV. Schließlich (finally)
– Der Erste Weltkrieg hat Deutschland verändert. (the First World War completely changed Germany)
Again, like in an English essay, you should use this paragraph to summarize your main point.
Writing an essay in a foreign language might seem like a daunting task, but follow these four strategies and you’ll be well on your way to arguing your point auf Deutsch.
And One More Thing…
If you like learning authentic German, then you’ll love FluentU.
FluentU takes real-world videos—like music videos, commercials, news and inspiring talks—and turns them into German learning experiences.
Other sites use scripted content. FluentU uses a natural approach that helps you ease into the German language and culture over time. You’ll learn German as it’s actually spoken by real people.
FluentU brings native videos within reach using interactive transcripts.
Just tap on any subtitled word to see an in-context definition, usage examples and a helpful illustration.
Learn all the vocabulary in any video with FluentU’s Learn Mode. Simply swipe left or right to see more examples of the word you’re on.
The best part is that FluentU keeps track of the vocabulary that you’re learning, and it recommends examples and videos to you based on the words you’ve already learned. Every learner has a truly personalized experience, even if they’re learning the same video.
Start using FluentU on the website with your computer or tablet or, better yet, download the FluentU app from the iTunes store. The Android app is coming soon!
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