Of course, you can argue this question either way. I will provide you with some arguments for and against and you can say which you agree with.
Cons: Imperialism was a bad thing because it created countries that do not have good boundaries. These are countries where the imperialists put all sorts of different ethnic groups together in one country, without regard as to whether they would get along. Imperialism was bad because it did not help the native people become economically strong. It ran the countries’ economies for the benefit of the imperial power, not for the benefit of the countries themselves. Finally, it created animosity between various imperial powers who competed for empires and even engaged in wars over that issue.
Pros: Imperialism was actually a good thing. It created more countries that are democratic. For example, it is unlikely that India or Indonesia would be democratic if they had not been imperialized. It also helped to build up the infrastructure of some countries as the imperial powers built roads and harbors. Finally, it introduced better health care an education to some countries, allowing them to be more developed now than they might have been if they had never been under imperial control.
Which of these arguments do you think is stronger?
Imperialism and Its Effects
- Length: 302 words (0.9 double-spaced pages)
- Rating: Excellent
Imperialism is the policy by which one country takes control of the land of another region. The Age of Imperialism lasted from 1870 to 1914. The development of imperialism mirrors that of industrialization. This is because the two reflect growth and progress.
The US was more focused on competing for resources and new markets during this era. Concerns for the US were the economic situations of the Pacific and Caribbean, along with the strategic importances of these areas.
Imperialism was inevitable with the growth of industry. In need of materials, countries would take control of other lands. Ethno-centrism became a part of the European state of mind. They felt driven to impose European beliefs and ideas on the conquered territories. This was deemed the "White Man's Burden" by Rudyard Kipling, who was very much against this movement. India was very affected by Europe.
Europeans created a scramble for Africa and formed spheres of influence in China. Today, imperialism is much subtler, often in the form of foreign aid to create favorable relations between the two countries.
Many nations benefited from imperialistic practices in that they provided an opportunity to modernize. Much of the infrastructure, educational facilities, and hospitals in these countries were built by the imperialist nations controlling them. Along with the positive changes came negative. People were repressed and their cultures were left behind. Because of this, the nationalist movement was sparked.
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Imperialism Positive Changes Educational Facilities Rudyard Kipling White Man Foreign Aid Conquered Former Lands Spheres
An example of this would be the peaceful revolution led by Gandhi.
Imperialistic practices led to global bitterness towards major countries. In time many of the weaker nations gained independence , and still today their is much resentment towards the former colonial powers. World War I was spawned by greed as nations competed for land and markets.